Rethinking Conventions: Challenging Assumptions in Monolithic vs. Micro-services Debate

Do you also think that Micro-service architecture is always better than Monolithic architecture?

Let’s first understand the key difference between the two. A monolithic application is built as a single, unified unit, while a micro-services architecture is a collection of smaller, independently deployable services. In a monolithic architecture, all the functions are managed and served in one place, while in a micro-services architecture, each service has its own business logic and database with a specific goal.

Both of these architectures have their own advantages and disadvantages. The choice between Micro-service and monolithic architecture depends on factors such as the size and complexity of the application, the development team’s expertise, and the specific requirements of the project.

Advantages of Micro-service Architecture

  • Scalability: Improved scalability, as each service can be independently scaled
  • Improved fault isolation: Problems in one Micro-service are less likely to affect the entire system
  • Flexibility: Each Micro-service can be developed, deployed, and scaled independently, allowing for greater flexibility

Advantages of Monolithic Architecture

  • Easier and faster development: Simpler to develop and deploy, especially for smaller projects
  • Simplified deployment: Deployment is easier as the entire application is contained in one executable file or directory
  • Less latency: Have lower latency as all calls are local

Disadvantages of Micro-service Architecture

  • Increased maintenance costs: Managing a larger number of services can lead to increased maintenance costs
  • Organizational complexity and overhead: Coordinating and managing multiple services can introduce organizational complexity
  • Decreased performance: Consumes more memory, clock-cycles, and network bandwidth than a comparable monolithic architecture

Disadvantages of Monolithic Architecture

  • Lack of flexibility: Tightly coupled to the technologies used inside the monolith, limiting flexibility
  • Decreased scalability: Each component cannot be scaled independently
  • Increased risk of failure cascades: A bug in one module can bring down the entire monolithic application

Eternal Geeker

Writer & Blogger

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